The objective of the energy program is to promote, by 2050, a Brazilian low carbon energy sector. The country has sufficient natural resources to build both a robust energy sector of zero carbon emissions, and a sector of new sustainable biofuels. In seeking this goal, we are working with academia, civil society, the private sector, regulatory authorities, cities and consumers. Each of these actors is a source of energy for change.
The program includes the following initiatives:
Democratizing and decentralizing the electric sector – Modern technologies, such as photovoltaic panels, allow the production of electricity in smaller units with the same output as the large generation plants. This signifies that the regulation and the current business models in the electric sector must be open to the participation of new agents, which are often small in size. The existing legislation and regulation were designed for a verticalized electric sector, in which the electricity flows from the large plants to the end consumer.
Encouraging new renewable energies – In Brazil, solar, wind and biomass sources offer environmental, social and economic advantages. The objective of this initiative is to promote the substitution of the fossil sources – starting with oil and its derivatives, and coal – by these new renewable sources.
Promoting energy efficiency, distributed generation and the smart grid – Studies by the IEA (International Energy Agency) demonstrate that at least one third of the increase in electric demand, of today by 2050, could be met by an increase in energy efficiency. In other words, one third of the new energy could be provided by the already existing generation plants. The advantages of increased energy efficiency are: (i) lower spending on energy by consumers, (ii) less need of public funds for the construction of new generation plants, (iii) socio-environmental impacts avoided in the construction and operation of these plants, and (iv) lower emission of polluting gases, including greenhouse gas emissions. The objective of this initiative is to guarantee that these innovations are part of the efficient and competitive low carbon economy.